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Hand Knotted Area Rugs

Hand Knotted Area Rugs

A hand knotted area rug is the finest of all area rugs today. But as the name implies a hand knotted area rug is made by hand and usually cost more than other area rugs.

People generally don’t realize that it takes usually takes three to four people a year to 18 months to make a single 9 x 12 hand knotted area rug, depending on the knot count. That’s more labor hours to finish a rug than it takes to build your average home in the United States.

Just like there are many processes in building a house, there are many processes in making an area rug. Something as basic as the yarn used to make the area rug plays a big role in the cost of the rug. Yarn options include hand spun and dyed or machine spun and dyed. Hand spun and dyed wool is obviously going to cost more and usually gives you a better luster then machine spun wool.

Hand spun of the wool often has irregularity in the tension of its twist; it is inadvertently spun looser in some places and tighter in others. One effect of this irregularity is that when soaked in dye, a hand spun yarn absorbs less where it is spun tightly and more where it is spun loosely. Because of these two factors — the irregularity of colors, and the rug’s irregular texture, results in a very handmade look.

Wool mainly, and silk rarely, are the chief materials for the finished pile. There are two types of dye, natural or chemical. Your finer carpets are generally either vegetable, botanical or animal dyes, which are all considered to be natural dyes. The dyeing process until the middle of the nineteenth century were all of natural origin and the secrets of the craft were guarded by dye masters. Before the turn of the century, in Persia artificial dyes were banned because of the adverse effects on the economy it was having on families who carry dye recipes that have been passed down from generation to generation. Today most larger manufacturers who mass produced area rugs will use modern synthetic dyes to keep the manufacturing costs down.

The patterns and design names of most hand knotted rugs originate from the name of the village or town that the rug was woven in. Basically there are two types of knots used throughout the Orient and India for the actual knotting of the carpet. The Ghoirdes or Turkish knot, which is a full knot , and the Senneh or Persian knot, which is a half knot.

The actual base of the rug is woven threads going up and down called the warp, and threads going side to side called the weft are entwined together to create a base structure to weave the rug.

After one row of knots is finished a mallet is used to condense the pile. This will be repeated time and time again to ensure the pile is as dense as it can be. The tightness of the pile affects the wear ability of the rug. The more knots per inch, the longer it will last and give you years and years of enjoyment.

After the rug has been weaved, the carpet is sheared and washed. The washing process is time consuming in its self. The rugs are laid out on a flat surface and washed with a broom back and forth by hand and then left to dry in the sun to set the dyes in the carpets, this process takes days.

These beautiful Persian and Oriental area rugs are inspired by traditional patterns and colors from Iran, Persia, China, and India. Persian and Oriental area rugs will provide you with a lifetime of beauty and service.

If you want to know more about your Oriental area rug call me and I’d be glad to help. I can help save you hours and hours of time ,not to mention lots of money.

I have a link to some of the Oriental Area Rug projects I have worked on below.
Oriental and Traditional Area Rugs Portfolio

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